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Sexual Assault is a CRIME
性侵害是忘不了的創傷

Sexual Assault is a CRIME

Definition
Rape, also called sexual assault, is forced, unwanted sexual intercourse. It can happen to both men and women of any age.

Rape is about power, not sex. A rapist uses actual force or violence - or the threat of it - to take control over another human being. Some rapists use drugs to take away a person's ability to fight back. Rape is a crime, regardless of whether the person committing it is a stranger, a date, an acquaintance, or a family member.

No matter how it happened, rape is frightening and traumatizing. People who have been raped need care, comfort, and a way to heal.

Facts
According to the U.S. Department of Justice:
  • One of every four rapes takes place in a public area or in a parking garage.
  • 28% of female victims reported that the offender was a stranger.
  • 70% of rapes occur between the hours of 6p.m. and 6 a.m.
  • At least 48% of rapists were under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  • In 30% of rapes, the offender used a weapon.

(All statistics are taken from: Violence against Women, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Justice, 2001.) 

Get Help
Victims should make every effort to save anything that might contain the perpetrator’s DNA. 
Therefore, a victim should not: 
  • bath or shower, use the restroom, change clothes, comb hair, clean up the crime scene, and move anything the offender may have touched. 
  • Even if the victim has not yet decided to report the crime, receiving a forensic medical exam and keeping the evidence safe from damage will improve the chances that the police can access and test the stored evidence at a later date.

Help a Loved One
There are many ways that you can help a friend or family
member who has been a victim of rape or sexual violence:
  • Listen. Be there. Don’t be judgmental.
  • Be patient. Remember, it will take your loved one some time to deal with the crime.
  • Help to empower your loved one. Rape and sexual violence are crimes that take away an individual’s power. It is important not to compound this experience by putting pressure on your loved one to do things that he or she is not ready to do yet.
  • If your loved one is considering suicide, follow-up with them on a regular basis.
  • Encourage your loved one to report the rape or sexual violence to law enforcement.

Garden of Hope-New York
紐約勵馨婦幼關懷中心
性侵是忘不了的創傷  

​定義
在美國,平均每兩分鐘就有一個人遭受性侵。 性侵是指用暴力、武器、脅迫、恐嚇或施壓的 方式,強迫不願意發生性行為者、無法有自決能力者、幼童或是正受到藥或酒影響下的人, 發生性行為或性攻繫。性侵是刑事犯罪行為,加害人有可能是陌生 人,但據統計,七成以上是熟人,包括約會對 象、鄰居、親友及家人。熟識的人也有可能 是上司,上司用自己的權力使屬下提供性服務 滿足其私慾。容易令人困惑的是夫妻或是男女朋友,然而即使兩人是親密伴侶,也要彼此尊 重,任何一方不願意發生性關係,都不能被強 迫。



現狀
根據司法部的統計:
  • 四分之一的強暴事件發生在公共場合或停車場。
  • 百分之二十八的施暴者是陌生人。
  • 七成強暴案發生在下午六時至零晨六時之間。
  • 將近一半的強暴事件,施暴之前有使用酒精或毒品。三成的施暴者有使用武器。
  • 在美國,91%的性侵受害人是女 性,9%的受害人是男性;加害人中,99%的加害人是男性。


預防
如何保護自己免受性傷害呢?首先要對侵犯者的行為有警覺:
  • 侵犯者常會藉由說自己的隱私開始不小心的觸碰你的身體,或是出現在你的周圍,對你私人的物品感興趣;
  • 侵犯者會讓受害者感覺相處起來很舒服但是敏感的人會覺得不對勁,侵犯者會說服受害者她的感覺是錯誤的。
  • 侵犯者會讓受害者與其他人隔絕。



求助
性侵受害人往往不敢向外求助,不只是當事人不想讓人知道,許多時候家人也以為時間久了就會漸漸忘記,不希望受害人接受輔導或法律服務。
施暴者如果是家人或親戚,往往用威脅的話使受害者不敢求助,就算求助,通常基於家醜不外揚的考量,其它家人也多半會勸受害人不要報警,更不會向諮商輔導單位求助。因此受害者往往一直處於受害的地位,得不到支持幫助。 遭受性侵,不論當下有沒有決定要報警,一定 要先就醫,就醫前千萬不要洗澡、換衣服、清 理犯罪現場,搬移性侵者的東西、梳頭髮,這 些都會讓證據消失。


如何幫助遭到性侵的朋友?
如果您身邊有人遭到家暴或性侵,應該如何陪 伴才不會造成二度傷害呢?
  • 不要論斷受害者
  • 耐心陪伴受害者,他們一段時間才能面對罪犯
  • 鼓勵支持他們脫離受害者的控制
  • 注意他們是否有自殺的傾向
  • 鼓勵受害者報警